Citric Acid

Synonyms: ...,

CAS Number: ...,

Molecular Weight: 210.14.,

Chemical Formula: C6H8O7.H2O,

EINECS EC Number: ...,

FEMA: ...

One of the most common acids in the world, citric acid is responsible for giving fruits like lemons and limes their characteristic tartness. Pure citric acid is available as a crystalline powder at gourmet cooking stores. In addition to giving any food item a citrus tang, citric acid crystals can be dissolved to make a citric acid solution, which you can use as a cleaning agent or to develop photos and other uses.

Specifications of Citric Acid Solution:

Assay (HOC(COOH)(CH2COOH)2): 48 - 52 %
Chloride (Cl): max. 0.001 %
Heavy Metals (as Pb): max. 0.001 %
Iron (Fe): max. 3 ppm
Phosphate (PO4): max. 0.001 %

Citric Acid Monohydrate BP

C6H8O7-H2O -- 210 -- 5949-29-1

Citric Acid BP Monohydrate

2-Hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid monohydrate.
99.5 per cent to 100.5 per cent (anhydrous substance).

White or almost white, crystalline powder, colourless crystals or granules, efflorescent.
Very soluble in water, freely soluble in ethanol (96 per cent).

First identification B, E.
Second identification A, C, D, E.
A. Dissolve 1 g in 10 ml of water. The solution is strongly acidic.
B. Infrared absorption spectrophotometry.
C. Add about 5 mg to a mixture of 1 ml of acetic anhydride and 3 ml of pyridine. A red colour develops.
D. Dissolve 0.5 g in 5 ml of water, neutralize using 1 M sodium hydroxide (about 7 ml), add 10 ml of calcium chloride solution R and heat to boiling. A white precipitate is formed.
E. Water (see Tests).

Appearance of solution
The solution is clear and not more intensely coloured than reference.
Dissolve 2.0 g in water and dilute to 10 ml with the same solvent.
Readily carbonizable substances
To 1.0 g in a cleaned test tube add 10 ml of sulphuric acid and immediately heat the mixture in a water-bath at 90 ± 1 °C for 60 min. Cool rapidly immediately afterwards. The solution is not more intensely coloured than a mixture of 1 ml of red primary solution and 9 ml of yellow primary solution.
Oxalic acid
Maximum 360 ppm, calculated as anhydrous oxalic acid.
Maximum 150 ppm.
Maximum 0.2 ppm, if intended for use in the manufacture of dialysis solutions.
Heavy metals
Maximum 10 ppm.
7.5 per cent to 9.0 per cent, determined on 0.500 g.
Sulphated ash
Maximum 0.1 per cent, determined on 1.0 g.
Bacterial endotoxins
Less than 0.5 IU/mg, if intended for use in the manufacture of parenteral dosage forms without a further appropriate procedure for the removal of bacterial endotoxins.

Citric Acid Monohydrate USP

Citric Acid USP Monohydrate
C6H8O7·H2O 210.14
1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic acid, 2-hydroxy-, monohydrate.

Citric Acid Monohydrate contains one molecule of water of hydration. It contains not less than 99.5 percent and not more than 100.5 percent of C6H8O7, calculated on the anhydrous basis.

Labeling— Where it is intended for use in dialysis solutions, it is so labeled. Where Citric Acid Monohydrate must be subjected to further processing during the preparation of injectable dosage forms to ensure acceptable levels of bacterial endotoxins, it is so labeled. Where Citric Acid Monohydrate is sterile, it is so labeled.
Identification, Infrared Absorption 197K— Dry the substance to be examined at 105 for 2 hours.
Bacterial endotoxins— The level of bacterial endotoxins is such that the requirement in the relevant dosage form monograph (s) in which Citric Acid Monohydrate is used can be met.
Sterility— Where the label states that Citric Acid Monohydrate is sterile, it meets the requirements for Sterility, in the relevant dosage form monograph(s) in which Citric Acid Monohydrate is used.
Water: between 7.5% and 9.0%.
Residue on ignition: Not more than 0.1%, determined on 1.0 g.
Readily carbonizable substances— To pass the test
Sulfate— 0.015%.
Heavy metals: 0.001%.
Limit of oxalic acid— 0.036%.

Citric Acid FCC Food Grade

C6H8O7 Formula wt, anhydrous 192.13
C6H8O7·H2O Formula wt, monohydrate 210.14
INS: 330 CAS: anhydrous [77-92-9]
CAS: monohydrate [5949-29-1]

Citric Acid occurs as colorless, translucent crystals or as a white, granular to fine, crystalline powder. It is anhydrous or contains one molecule of water of hydration. The hydrous form is efflorescent in dry air. It is odorless and has a strongly acid taste. One gram is soluble in about 0.5 mL of water, in about 2 mL of alcohol, and in about 30 mL of ether.
Function: Sequestrant; dispersing agent; acidifier; flavoring agent.

Labeling: Indicate whether it is anhydrous or hydrous.
Identification: A 1:10 aqueous solution gives positive tests for Citrate.
Assay: Not less than 99.5% and not more than 100.5% of C6H8O7, calculated on the anhydrous basis.
Lead: Not more than 0.5 mg/kg.
Oxalate: Passes test.
Readily Carbonizable: Substances Passes test.
Residue on Ignition: Not more than 0.05%.
Tridodecylamine (for solvent-extracted Citric Acid only)
Not more than 0.1 mg/kg.
Water: Anhydrous: Not more than 0.5%; Monohydrate: Not more than 8.8%.

Citric Acid Analytical Reagent

Citric Acid, Anhydrous, and Citric Acid, Monohydrate
2-Hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic Acid
HOCOCH2C(OH)(COOH)CH2COOH; Formula Wt. 192.13
HOCOCH2C(OH)(COOH)CH2COOH-H2O; Formula Wt. 210.14
CAS Number 77-92-9 (Anhydrous); 5949-29-1 (Monohydrate)

Assay: 99.5% C6H8O7; 99.0-102.0% C6H8O7-H2O min

Insoluble matter: 0.005%
Residue after ignition: 0.02%
Chloride (Cl): 0.001%
Oxalate (C2O4): Passes test
Phosphate (PO4): 0.001%
Sulfate (SO4): 0.002%
Iron (Fe): 3 ppm
Lead (Pb): 2 ppm
Substances carbonizable by hot sulfuric acid: Passes test